Exports of electromechanical products into the main force driving foreign trade growth

Exports of electromechanical products into the main force driving foreign trade growth China's mechanical and electrical products industry's foreign trade exports in developing countries are in a good state of development, but at the same time unfavorable factors such as production costs and trade barriers also exist objectively. At present, the export of mechanical and electrical products in China has become the main driving force for the growth of foreign trade, and its development plays an important role in the growth of foreign trade throughout the country.

The main features of the current mechanical and electrical industry's foreign trade exports are: the growth rate of trade in developing countries is higher than that of developed countries; the export of key products tends to increase, but the growth rate is limited; most electronic products maintain low-speed growth; exports of mechanical products are mixed The growth rate has generally slowed.

From the domestic environment, the destocking of industrial enterprises in the second half of the year is near completion. The effect of various policy measures centered on steady growth will gradually emerge in the second half of the year. At the same time, as the ability of the central and western regions to attract investment and undertake industrial transfer has gradually increased, the advantages of export products have gradually emerged, or they will become new forces for export.

From the perspective of the international market, the U.S. economy has passed the worst period, and economic indicators have improved since June. Euro-zone countries have launched an economic stimulus plan of 130 billion euros, and the idea of ​​responding to the crisis has begun to shift to “stimulus growth” and the European debt crisis is expected to be initially contained. The BRICS countries such as Russia, India, and Brazil all introduced stimulus economic policies in the first half of the year.

While seeing the favorable factors for the development of electromechanical enterprises, companies should always pay attention to the crisis in development. At present, in addition to the low-cost and disorderly competition existing in the industry itself, half of the enterprises’ total export costs have risen. Although the impact of changes in raw material prices on the cost has weakened, the lack of labor and the impact of rising costs have become more apparent.

The current increasing protectionism of importing countries, and the establishment of trade barriers between Europe and the United States from terminal to network manufacturing are also important factors that have adversely affected the foreign trade environment of mechanical and electrical products. Although the country has introduced a customs clearance and facilitation policy, the current level of trade facilitation is not enough. This mainly includes the declaration of special items, manual examination of documents, etc. The long time for customs declaration, the difficulty of coordination, the tax rebate is not reasonable; frequent charges detection, charging standards are not uniform, the content of fees is not standardized; local customs declaration, port inspection and release measures are not implemented; The prepaid link of the import contract is time-consuming, and the import companies have to meet the credit limit for the payment extension verification grade.

On the whole, the fundamental issue of the global financial crisis has not been resolved and it is difficult for the mechanical and electrical product import and export situation to undergo fundamental changes in the short term.

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